What is Oral/Written Language Disorder And Specific Reading Comprehension Deficit?

Individuals with this condition can have difficulty absorbing information that has either been provided orally or in writing. This condition can cause difficulty and confusion with interpreting specific words, and sentences or contexts that are used by others. A possible cause for this condition, is a limitation within the brain to be able to process information and language.

Symptoms of Oral/Written Language Disorder And Specific Reading Comprehension Deficit

There are a variety of symptoms associated with this condition, but an individual is likely to have difficulty processing language. This difficulty can cause issues for an individual, and a person may struggle to find the correct word that they want to use in a sentence, or be confused by which word is most applicable to the overall context and meaning of a sentence.

An individual with this condition may lack the processing capabilities in the brain that allow them to differentiate between similar sentences that use similar words. An individual may also appear to have a limited vocabulary, and may struggle to use or spell more complex words – particularly in comparison to their age group. This factor can provide a barrier to socialising and making friends, which can lead to a lack of confidence and a hesitancy in social situations.

This condition overlaps with a similar condition called Dyslexia, and it is common for an individual to have symptoms of other learning difficulties, including ADHD. The latter can affect a number of different learning difficulties, due to the symptoms having such a big impact on focus and attentiveness, making learning difficult.

If a young child seems to be progressing with their writing skills at a more gradual rate to other children, or appears to lack confidence with writing, then a child can be assessed for Written Language Disorder. Although as is the case with other conditions, it is advisable to monitor the symptoms for a while, as children usually develop at different rates – and so if one child is developing slower than another, it doesn’t necessarily mean that they have a specific condition.

symptoms of oral written language disorder

Oral/Written Language Disorder And Specific Reading Comprehension Deficit causes:

Brain development is one possible reason for this condition. An individual’s brain may not have fully developed the ability to process language. There is also the possibility that the condition has been inherited genetically, and if a parent or another close relative has symptoms or a diagnosis of this condition then it is possible that the condition has been passed on through the genes.

There are some environmental possibilities as well, for why an individual might have this condition. If an individual grew up in a house without many books, or without the financial resources to purchase them, then a lack of reading experience may have slowed their development of reading and writing skills.

ADHD is commonly diagnosed alongside conditions such as Written Language Disorders. Symptoms of ADHD can cause an individual to be unfocused and hyperactive, which may cause problems with reading and writing, as the individual may become distracted easily and lack sufficient focus to absorb language.

Oral/Written Language Disorder And Specific Reading Comprehension Deficit diagnosis:

oral written language disorder diagnosis

Conditions which are based around language interpretation or language processing are often recognised and specified before a learning difficulty. However, it is common for a learning disability to be misdiagnosed as a result of any reading or writing issues which occur during the early childhood. It can take some more time for a language disorder to be diagnosed.

An individual may need to undertake some tests to allow for a doctor or a teacher to observe their reading and writing ability, as well as where their strengths and weaknesses are in this area. The tests will be looking to determine whether the individual is progressing at a slower rate than their peers or classmates. If symptoms and results suggest that a Written Language Disorder is possible, an assessment and a potential diagnosis can be arranged.

Why is a diagnosis critical?

Gaining a diagnosis as early as possible can significantly improve the academic experience. An individual’s self-esteem and confidence can be affected if they are performing at a lower level than their peers, which can lead to behavioural difficulties as a result of negative emotions, such as frustration.

Oral and Written Language Disorders can affect social skills, and so an undiagnosed individual may be left with feelings of confusion or frustration at why they are struggling to interact with others, or to make friends. A diagnosis can also clarify the situation for friends and peers of the individual, who may be able to adapt to the needs of the person. A diagnosis will also be beneficial so that an individual can gain a better insight into who they are and how they can adapt to managing their condition.

Oral/Written Language Disorder And Specific Reading Comprehension Deficit treatment:

Advising an individual to write using tracing paper can be an effective way to help an individual to learn new words and to gain an idea as to what words and letters look like when they have been written down.

It is also possible to request that an individual recalls information that they have just read, so that teachers, assessors or parents can gain insight into how effectively the person is interpreting the information. It can be helpful if the individual can create an image of letters or words, whether this is by writing them down or by imagining them in their mind – this method can improve the long-term memory for remembering language.

It is possible to arrange speech therapy sessions, which may be in a group format or an individual, one to one basis. It will depend on a child’s preferences and confidence levels as to whether they are comfortable attending a group session, but this can be beneficial for allowing them to meet new people and/or gain some socialising practice simultaneously.

Another option for the treatment of this condition is to organise a social scenario, where the individual’s social skills can be observed and assessed. This will allow teachers or parents to give the individual constructive comments on their social skills and how the individual’s behaviour and social skills are appearing to others.

Another way of encouraging a child to be social or to make friends, is to get a child involved in sports. Football, rugby, Hockey and Netball are all team sports which can allow likeminded people to interact. This can also be a good way to observe whether a child has any other symptoms that might be applicable to other conditions, such as hand-eye coordination issues.

oral written language disorder treatment


Oral/Written Language Disorder And Specific Reading Comprehension Deficit is a condition which affects the way the brain absorbs and then utilises language. While there isn’t a definite known cause, there is a possibility that it can be passed on from a parent or another close relative who has the condition. The condition may also be due to the way that the brain has developed, particularly with the part of the brain which processes language, and the individual’s ability to recall words over the longer term.

An individual with Oral/Written Language Disorder And Specific Reading Comprehension Deficit is likely to have difficulty with spelling, grammar and often reading. Gaining a diagnosis in early childhood is important, so that special support can be arranged to improve the academic experience. As with similar conditions, it is possible for an individual to enjoy a happy, successful life despite the symptoms of this condition.

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