Malnutrition occurs when there is an inadequate amount of iron in the body of an older person. People above 65 years do not need excess calcium like little ones but require iron in the correct quantity. The common cause of malnutrition is medical conditions that lead to loss of appetite.
Another factor that contributes to malnutrition in older adults is difficulty in swallowing. Since many of them find it difficult to swallow, they depend on supplements. As a result, caregivers or nutritionists should be involved in crisis intervention by preparing foods in soft texture. However, certain foods that lose excess nutrients in high heat or temperature should be avoided.
Older adults who also have dementia or Alzheimer’s disease are at greater risk of losing weight. Hence, both over-nutrition and under-nutrition are forms of malnutrition.